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5G - The NextGen Network Emperor

Korcomptenz - Total Transformation Blog

Posted on May 15, 2018

Do You Want To Know More About The NextGen Data Speed?

5G or 5th generation wireless networks are the NextGen mobile internet connectivity with cutting-edge network technology. It will offer reliable connections at much faster speed. The speed that 5G could offer will be multitude faster than the current network connections. This 5G network would empower a rise in the Internet of Things (IoT), thus provide the strong infrastructure that is required to transmit the huge volume of data. The average download speed of 5G is expected to be around 1 GB per second.

Wireless systems are made out of cell destinations split into sectors that send information through radio waves. 4th generation wireless networks' (4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) wireless innovation laid the strong foundation for 5G. 4G requires extensive, high-powered cell towers to emit signals over longer distances. But, 5G wireless signals will be transmitted by means of large quantities of small cell stations situated in places like lamp posts or building rooftops. The utilization of various little cells is necessary because of the fact that the Millimetre Wave Spectrum - the band of the range between 30 GHz and 300 GHz that 5G depends on to produce high speeds. It can just go over short separations and is liable to obstruction from climate and physical obstacles like buildings.

The current & previous wireless innovation have utilized lower-frequency bands of the spectrum. To balance millimetre wave challenges relating to distance and coverage, the wireless industry considers the utilization of lower-frequency spectrum for 5G networks, so the operators could utilize the spectrum that they own already to build their new networks. Lower frequency spectrum cover great distances but with a lower speed.

The primary technologies include

1. Millimeter WaveBands:

The average download speed offered by Millimeter-Wave Bands (26, 28, 38, and 60 GHz) is expected to be around 20 GB per second. The estimated median bandwidth is 3.5 GB. Hence most of the key mobile networks in the world have started working on implementing it as a commercial deployment by 2018.

2. Massive MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output):

The average download speed offered by Massive MIMO (64-256 antennas) is expected to be 10 times faster than current 4G networks.

3. MidBand 5G

The LowBand & MidBand use frequencies from 600 MHz to 6 GHz. On an average, they use 3.5 GHz to 4.2 GHz.

There are a couple of common 5G definitions released so far. They are,

1. 3GPP Release 15:

The 3GPP Release 15, which was released during December 2017.

2. ITU IMT-2020 Definition:

It is a more rigorous definition, which uses the high-frequency bands that offer data transfer at much higher speeds.

Apart from speed, latency & capacity, the 5G network provides other network management features such as, Network Slicing: Network operators can create multiple virtual networks within one 5G network. Affordable Cost: The 5G network connection to come at an affordable low cost. 5G Support: 5G unites wireless, wired & satellite services under one common structure. By 2020, the 5G network is expected to be made available in most of the regions around the world.

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Saravanan Kirubananthan

Director – Mobile and Intelligent Devices

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